Software Defined Radio AdapterOne of the magical technologies that makes an Open Source Artificial Pancreas possible is “- ” or SDR. I have found that SDR is one of those technologies that you’ve either heard of and agree it’s amazing or you’ve literally never heard of it. Well, buckle up, friends

There’s an amazing write up by Pete Schwamb, one of the core members of the community who works on Loop full time now, on how Software Defined Radios have allowed the community to “sniff” the communication protocols of insulin pumps in the RF spectrum and reverse engineer the communications for the Medtronic and now Omnipod Eros Insulin Pumps. It’s a fascinating read that really illustrates how you just need the right people and a good cause and you can do anything.

In his post, Pete explains how he configured the SDR attached to his computer to listen into the 433MHz range and capture the RF (radio frequencies) coming to and from an insulin pump. He shows how the shifts between a slightly higher and slightly lower frequency is used to express 1s and 0s, just like a high voltage is a 1 and a low or no voltage is a 0.

Radio Frequency to 1s and 0s

Then he gets a whole “packet,” plucks it out of the thin air, and then manipulates it from Python. Insert Major Motion Picture Programmer Montage and a open source pancreas pops out the other side.

1s and 0s from RF into a string in Python

Lemme tell you, Dear Reader, Hello World is nice, but pulling binary data out of electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths in the electromagnetic spectrum longer than infrared light is THE HOTNESS.

From a perspective, SDR is more fun than Console Apps when educating kids about the world and it’s a way to make the abstract REAL while teaching programming and science.

You can get a SDR kit for as little as US$20 as a USB device. They are so simple and small it’s hard to believe they work at all.

Just plug it in and download Airspy (Formerly SDRSharp, there are many choices in the SDR space). and run the install-rtlsdr.bat to setup a few drivers.

You’ll want to run zadig.exe and change the default driver for listening to radio (FM, TV) over to something more low-level. Run it, select “List All Interfaces,” and select “Bulk Interface 0”

Updating SDR wtih Zadig

After you hit Replace Driver with WinUSB, you can close this and run SDRSharp.exe.

I’ve set my SDRSharp to WFM (FM Radio) and turned the Gain up and OMG it’s the radio.

Listening to the Radio with SDR

In this pic I’m listening to 91.5 FM in Portland, Oregon which is National Public Radio. The news is the center red line moving down, while the far right is 92.3, a rock station, and 90.7 on the far left is more jazz. You can almost see it!

AdaFruit has as great SDR tutorial and I’ll use it to find the local station for National Weather Radio. This is the weather alert that is available anywhere here in America. Mine was Narrow Band (WFM) at 162.550 FM! It was harder to hear but it was there when I turned up the gain.

The weather report

But wait, it’s more than radio, it’s the whole spectrum!

Here I am sending a “Get Pump Model” command to my insulin pump in the 900Mhz range! The meaty part is in the red.

Talking to an Insulin Pump

Here’s the heartbeat and requests that are sent to my Insulin Pump from my Loop app through a RileyLink (BT to RF ). I’m seeing the Looping communications of my Open Source Artificial Pancreas here, live.

Watching RF Pump Communications

Next post or two I’ll try to get the raw bits off of the RF signal of something interesting. If you haven’t messed with SDR you should really give it a try! As I said before you can get a SDR kit for as little as US$20 as a USB device.


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